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Aim and Ambition

Big a Bonnie Path

Constitution

Councils touched by the Path

Description of the Path

Facilities

Lexicon

Multi Use of the Path

Path Hierarchy

People   New

Social Media

Sponsors

Travel Maps of Path

Walkers   New

Clyde Coastal Path

Clyde Coastal Path

Site

Altitude

The Altitude of a point is its height, usually in metres, above Mean Sea Level as defined by the Ordnance Survey.

Appalachian Trail (AT)

This trail is a long distance trail on the eastern seaboard of the United States of America. I extended north and south but when it crossed the border into Canada it became the first International Appalachian Trail, qv.

Band

A Band is a steel ribbon used to attach a Finger Sign or a Round Sign to a Pole. Normally two bands are needed to attach a sign to a pole. The band is usually applied using a Band-it. The band is secured with a buckle.

The band comes is a large coil (like a huge tape measure) and only the length required is removed at any time.

A band can be used on any diameter of pole including 76 mm diameter poles and lampposts or any diameter. See also Tamtorque Clip.

Band-it

A Band-it is the proprietary trade name of a device used to pull a Band tight before securing with a Buckle and cutting to size.

Blade

A synonym for a Finger Sign.

Blaes

Blaes is red ash produced by iron smelting. It can used as the surface layer on a path, perhaps over a layer of Type 1.

Board

The Board is appointed by the AGM and manages the CCP. See the Constitution for further details.

Braid

If there is a bifurcation in a path and the branches subsequently meet, then the path is said to Braid.

Buckle

A Buckle holds both ends of a Band in place when it wraps a pole. It has no moving parts.

Cap

A cap seals the top of a hollow Pole. Older caps were visible from below but the newer caps fit neatly inside the pole and cannot be seen except from above.

To find out is a pole has a new style cap, use a device like a crook or walking stick.

Cillit Bang

Cillit Bang is a proprietary universal degreaser, ideal for cleaning signs and areas to be receive stick on labels.

Clip

Usually two clips are used to attach a sign to a 76 mm diameter pole as an an alternative to bands. Clips are easier to install but are more expensive than bands and easier to remove. A clip comes in two parts. Two screws hold the two parts together.

A Jubilee Clip can also be used.

Clyde Coastal Path (CCP)

The Clyde Coastal Path is a long distance walking route, running the 50 km between the Kelly Burn (between Skelmorlie and Wemyss Bay) at Milngavie. There are alternative routes between the Kelly Burn and Greenock and spurs to Paisley and Partick.

Database

The Database is held on the Internet Cloud. It contains all the information associated with the CCP that can be accessed by the Website.

Despatcher

A person authorised to update orders in the Database. Currently only Allander use the order system for individual orders. All Rotary Clubs buy Boxes from stock.

Direction

In general, paths can be travelled with equal support in either direction. However, it is convenient to have a notional start to the path and a notional end.

There are two directions: Primary Direction and Secondary Direction.

Director

A Director is appointed by the AGM and sits on the Board. See the Constitution for further details.

All Path Guardians can be appointed by the AGM to sit on the Board. Most, but all, do.

Element

See Path Element.

End-Mounted

An End-Mounted Sign is a Finger Sign attached to a Pole by the non-pointed end. It is attached using a Band or a Clip. End-Mounting is required for double sided signs.

End-Mounted Signs have attachment points to accept Clips or Bands.

Fall

The Fall is the decrease in Altitude from one Waypoint to the next. The Fall over a series of Waypoints (eg a SubSection) is the sum on the individual Falls between Waypoints. Note that this is not the same as the decrease in Altitude between the first and last Waypoint.

Note that the Fall is never negative. If the second Waypoint is higher than the first, the Fall is zero.

Finder

A Finder, or Sign Finder, is used to find a sign in the Database. There are three types of Finders used on the CCP: QR, MiniQR and NFC qv.

Each Finder has a unique number. We need to know this number so that the website can use the Database to look up the Sign. The number has no other significance; essentially it is merely a name. The walker has no interest in the number and uses the Finder to extract the information from the Sign.

Finger Sign

A Finger Sign, also known as a Blade, is a physical Sign in the shape of a rectangle with one end made into a point to indicate the direction of travel. This is the most usual shape of Sign.

Most Finger Signs are End-Mounted and are double sided, meaning that the information on the Finger Sign is displayed on both sides of the Sign. For simplicity, the QRs on each side are identical but there is no other reason for this to be true.

Where it is inappropriate for a Finger Sign to be read from both sides, for example where approaching a corner, the sign will be single sided and can be Mid-Mounted.

Firth o Clyde Rotary Trail (FoCRT)

The Firth of Clyde Rotatry Trail is a long distance walking route running the 280 km between the Mull of Galloway and Milngavie. It comprises the Mull of Galloway Trail, the Ayrshire Coastal Path and the Clyde Coastal Path.

Frog Juice

The wonderfully named Frog Juice is a proprietary spray sealant. It can be applied to any Sign and should be applied to any sign which has had graffiti. Before applying make sure that the sign surface is clean and dry. It is much easier to clean a sign which has been treated with Frog Juice than one which has not.

Granule

A Granule is the part of a path between two Waypoints. It has no direction associated with it. Its parameters are purely physical eg:

• nature of the path surface

 • suitability for dogs and multi use

For more information see Surface Codes.

GPX Format

A file format to allow route information to be shared between different mapping programs.

Historic Environment Scotland (was Historic Scotland)

the lead public body set up to investigate, care for and promote Scotland’s historic environment.

International Appalachian Trail (IAT)

When the AT went from the Florida Keys to the Canadian border, it went international. IATS is the Scotland Chapter and the IATS runs between the Mull of Galloway and Cape Wrath, including the FoCRT and the CCP.

Membrane

After digging out the bed of a path, a porous membrane is laid along the bottom and sides of the path to let rain water drain through and discourage weeds from growing through.

Mid-Mounted

Mid-Mounting is used for double ended signs and single sided signs. The Sign is attached to the Pole near the middle of the Sign. The Sign has two Rails attached to the back of the sign for this purpose. Special adaptors are used which fit in the rails and allow fixing by Band or Clip.

MiniQR

A MiniQR is a Sign Finder printed on waterproof and UV resistant paper. It is placed about eye height on a pole so that when looking directly at the MiniQR you are looking in the direction of next travel. MiniQRs MiniQRs were introduced as it was found that some walkers could not reach the QR on the Sign.

Typically a MiniQR with have two identical QRs to increase the chance of reading the Finder after wear or vandalism.

MiniQRs require more maintenance than other Finders.

Multi Use

CCP is currently being made to a standard suitable for walkers, with or without dogs, to walk in either direction. We are currently gathering information useful to cyclists, wheelchair users and horse riders. Eventually these restrictions will be available of the Website maps to those who opt to see them.

There is no plan to facilitate canoeists.

Naismith’s Rule

The Rule calculates the time taken to walk a given section of path. It was devised by William Naismith, a Scottish mountaineer. It allows a time for each horizontal kilometre walked and each metre of Rise. No account is taken of Fall.

The parameters used vary according to terrain and fitness. It is planned to allow individuals, who sign in to the website, to change and use their personal parameters.

The default calculation is time is 15 minutes per kilometre plus 10 minutes for each 100 m of Rise.

NatureScot (was SNH)

Scotland’s nature agency. They work to improve our natural environment in Scotland and inspire everyone to care more about it. NatureScot administers Scotland’s Great Trails.

NFC

An NFC is a Sign Finder.

Near Field Communication (NFC) is a technology used by Smart Phones to read information. In our case that information is the URL of the Website and a Sign Finder number. This is the same technology as used by contactless pay. NFC readers can be downloaded from the web but NFC must be switched on in the phone to use. It is advisable to switch NFC capability off (or use a Faraday Wallet) when in a crowded space to prevent fraud.

NFCs work by the phone approaching the NFC sending out a radio signal. The NFC is a passive circuit which receives the signal and uses the power of the signal to transmit a signal back with the information. The phone will then go to our website, find the sign, and display information useful to the walker.

There are two types of NFC: one is used on a metal surface; the other non-metal. A metal NFC is used on a metal pole. It has a special back surface which absorbs the radio wave, which would otherwise be reflected back by the metal surface underneath interfering with the radio wave produced by the NFC circuit.

A non-metal NFC can be attached to the back of a non-metallic sign attached to a non-metallic surface, for example to the back of a plastic round sign attached to a concrete lamppost. In general, NFCs are not easily vandalised and spray paint impairs their appearance but not their operation.

There is a special symbol which shows the walker where the NFC is so that it can be read. The symbol plays no part in the reading.

Node

A Node marks the beginning and end of a SubSection. There must be a Node where a Braid or a Spur leaves or joins a path and at the start and end of the Path.

Participating Rotary Club

A Participating Rotary Club takes responsibility for a section of Path. The Club ensures that at least one person is appointed as Path Guardian for that section of path. Stability is enhanced and workload reduced by having more persons involved.

A Participating Rotary Club is expected to raise money to pay for replacement Signs and minor expenses such as Frog Juice. The Club can raise money by selling the Guidebook. Clubs buy the Guidebooks from the CCP and make a profit on each sale. CCP are building a fund to reprint the Guidebook.

Path

A Path is the entity most often used eg Clyde Coastal Path (rather than Forth o Clyde Rotary Trail.) A Path is associated with a database and vice versa.

A Path has a Spine and may have Braids and Spurs.

A Path is designated by a code such as CCP.

Path Element

A Path Element is that section of path between Signs. An Element has a Direction.

A Path Element in one direction is not necessarily identical to a Path Element in the opposite direction.

All Elements in each direction cannot overlap and every piece of Path must be in an Element in both directions.

Elements cannot overlap SubSections.

(Strictly speaking, a Sign is not on the path, so the Element runs between the Waypoints closest to the Signs!)

Path Guardian

A Path Guardian takes responsibility for a section of Path.

A Path Guardian can get privileged access to parts of the Website not available to the public to facilitate the duties associated with Guardianship.

Paul Harris Fellow Award (PHF)

Paul Harris was the founder of Rotary. The Award in his name is Rotary’s highest award for service to the community and is available to Rotarians and non Rotarians.

Point of Interest

A Point of Interest is a Location which might be of interest to the walker. The location is shown on maps of the path. Only points “near” the path should be added. The definition of “near” is left to Path Guardians but as you move away from the path, the potential Point of Interest must be more interesting to be considered.

Pole

A Pole is a location. It also has an Altitude.

It is usually a physical pole, either 76 mm diameter or a lamppost. Signs are linked to Poles and usually attached to them.

Every Pole has a unique number.

A Pole is not associated with a SubSection,

Primary Direction

The Primary Direction of the CCP is towards Milngavie.

Historically it was North but in places, the Primary Direction is now not North.

When referring to the Path, we always use the Primary Direction, eg, the CCP runs from Wemyss Bay to Milngavie.

QR

The Quick Response (QR) code is a Sign Finder. It is positioned on the physical Sign itself. If the Sign is double sided, the QRs are usually identical on each side of the Sign. Identical QRs cannot exist on different Signs.

The QR has the URL of the website and a unique number from which the details of the Sign can be found.

To read a QR code, there must be a QR reader installed on the reading device, eg mobile phone.

Rail

On the back of a Mid-Mounted sign are two rails to facilitate attachment to a Pole.

Registered User

If a user of the Website Registers on the Website, they will be remembered. They have become a Registered User.

Repeater

A repeater is usually a round disc with an arrow to give the traveller confidence that they are on the correct route. It has no connection to the database and its location is not shown on the maps.

Rise

The Rise is the increase in Altitude from one Waypoint to the next. The Rise over a series of Waypoints (eg a SubSection) is the sum on the individual Rises between Waypoints. Note that this is not the same as the increase in Altitude between the first and last Waypoint.

Note that the Rise is never negative. If the second Waypoint is lower than the first, the Rise is zero.

Rotary Year (RY)

The Rotary Year starts on July 1 and ends the following calandar year on June 30. The year is named after the end point, so RY 2000 started on 1999 July 1 and ended 2001 June 30.

Round Sign

A Round Sign is a Sign that is round. It might look like a Repeater but is has all the information that a Finger Sign has and will have associated Sign Finders.

Round Signs should be 150 mm in diameter if possible.

Route Manager

The Route Manager has over all responsibility for the CCP. The Route Manager chairs the Board and guides the progress of the path.

Scotland’s Great Trails

The gold standard of Scotland’s Paths is Scotland’s Great Trails (SGT). Scottish Natural Heritage award this status. CCP met all the criteria for SGT but new entrants were put on hold while the criteria were re-evaluated. Then came Covid so our application has not yet been processed.

Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH)

Now called NatureScot qv.

Secondary Direction

The Secondary Direction of the CCP is away from Milngavie.

Historically it was South but in places, the Secondary Direction is now not South.

Section

A Section of Path is created for ease of administration or to break a Path into manageable parts for a traveller. Braids and Spurs can all be in the same Section. A Section has a code starting with the code of a Path eg CCP2.

Every piece of Path must be in a Section. Sections (in either direction) cannot overlap.

A Section consists of one or more SubSections.

The CCP has three Sections: CCP1, CCP2 and CCP3

Sign

A Sign is a virtual space attached to a pole. Every Sign has a designation made from the Pole number followed by the letter p or s to indicate the direction, eg 123s. The first and last Sign in a SubSection carries additionally, the designation of the SubSection.

There is a lot of information attached to a Sign, including walking guides to the next Sign, photographs, status, compass direction, time and distance from the start (or end) of the SubSection.

A Sign is associated with a SubSection. A Pole can therefore have Signs belonging to different SubSections.

A physical sign is often referred to informally as a Sign.

Sign Finder

Sign Finder is a more informative synonym of Finder, qv.

Signid

The Signid (pronounced Sign Id) of a physical sign is the number of the QR on the physical sign. The term is falling into disuse and other types of Sign Finder merely have unique numbers. However, the concept remain useful in identifying physical signs.

Sign Status

Each Sign has an associated Status. The values of the Status are given in Sign Status Codes. In general, a Sign which is planned by not yet erected is grey on the maps, a fully operational Sign is Green, whilst a Sign which was operation but is not now operational is depicted in red.

Sign Type

There are many Sign Types but the details should not concern anyone unless they are erecting several new Signs. Examples of Sign Types are ALLA-WR0 where ALLA represents the Rotary Club of Allander, W is Wall-Mounted, R shows that the sign points right and the 0 is the first design of this sign.

Spine

The Spine is the main singe unique route from the start of a Path to the end of the Path and its reverse.

Spur

A Spur is a bifurcation in a Path where the divergent path does not rejoin the main path. It is also, identically, a separate path which joins the main path.

Squeezes

A Path should be 1.2 m wide and be clear to a height of 2.1 m for walkers and 3.5 m for horses. If at any point the path is narrower or without the vertical clearance, there is a horizontal or a vertical Squeeze. A kissing gate is a Squeeze. Squeezes should be reported on the bi-annual inspection.

These dimensions are the minimum for uninterrupted Multi-Use.

SubSection

A SubSection is a named part of a Section, eg CCP1A. The ends of SubSection are Nodes. A SubSection is a single linear piece of Path that starts at a Node and finishes at a Node. A SubSection cannot contain Nodes.

One or more SubSections make up a Section. All pieces of a Path (in either direction) must be uniquely in a SubSection.

A SubSection cannot overlap Sections.

A SubSection has a code which starts with the code of its Section eg CCP2.1

Tamtorque Clip

A Tamtorque Clip is a clip, similar to a jubilee clip, used to attach a physical sign to a physical pole.

Thomas Wood Path

This section of path is named after Tam Wood, a Community Payback Superviser who supervised this section of path near Duntocher. Details are available elsewhere on this site.

Type 1

Type 1 is hardcore. It is laid on a membrane before Blaes is added. It is typically 150 mm thick.

Type 1 is used road construction and is therefore readily available and relatively cheap. The idea if that is consists of many sizes of stone down to dust, each size filling the gaps between the stones of the next size up. A delivery lorry will take 20 tonnes of Type 1. The Specific Gravity of Type 1 is 2 so a simple calculation gives the mas required for a length of path.

URL

A Unique Resource Location (URL) is essentially a Website or a web page address, eg ccp.focrt.org

Userid

The userid is the unique character string chosen by the user. It is the Database key to a user’s information.

Wall-Mounted

A Wall-Mounted Sign is a Finger Sign without any attachment points to accept Clips or Bands. It attaches directly onto a Wall and is therefore single sided, or effectively single sided.

Waypoint

A Waypoint is a point on the ground on the path. The path is depicted on a map by drawing a straight line from one Waypoint to the next. Where the path curves, either horizontally or vertically, the Waypoint density will be high; if the path is straight, Waypoints will be further apart. As Rise and Fall are calculated using the difference in Altitude of Waypoints, it is important to have Waypoints at the following places:

 summit of hills

 bottom of valleys

 where gradient changes significantly eg level path followed by a flight of steps

There is a lot of information attached to a Waypoint, including:

location (Latitude, Longitude, Easting, Northing, Full Grid Reference)

altitude

distance and time from the start of the SubSection in the Primary Direction

distance and time from the end of the SubSection in the Secondary Direction

the next Waypoint in the Primary Direction

the next Waypoint in the Secondary Direction

Relevant information is transferred from the Waypoint closest to a Pole to the Pole and its Signs.

Mousing over a Waypoint on a map, with give information about the Waypoint.

ZZZ

I don’t know about you, but I have fallen asleep.


Iain R White

Lexicon

Jargon is useful in getting a concept across very succinctly. However whilst it also greats bonding amongst those in the know, it excludes those who do not know. I am amazed at the amount of jargon we use but the idea is to be inclusive, so here are the specialist meaning of words associated with paths. Let me know when you are ready to take the exam!   

Sample MiniQR

NFC Symbol

Sample QR

Sample Repeater

Sample Round Sign

Sample Sign